Employment Rights

Employment Rights in the UK

Table of Contents

Employment Rights in the UK

Employment Rights

The Employment Rights Act (ERA) is the most significant federal legislation designed to protect and promote the rights of workers. The act was brought in the employment tribunal and is a law that sets out the rights and protections that employees have under employment law. The act aims to protect workers, who are also known as “employees”. ; equal prevailing wage and discrimination laws; redundancy packages or pay linked to performance; pensions and other benefits.

The UK has a very sensible, low cost and effective system in place called the Employment Rights Act, which aims to protect workers from unfair dismissal and discrimination. Employment Rights Act outlines a system of legislation that extends rights to people who are not covered by British law and gives them the same amount of protection as citizens have under British law. It covers things such as:

  • Workers on public sector contracts cannot be fired, turfed out of their jobs, or dismissed unfairly;
  • Discrimination against workers with disabilities is banned;
  • Fair contracts enforcement; and
  • Compensation is when an employer sacks an employee by making false statements about their wages or services.

Employment rights are essential to every worker. We have an obsession with freedom, democracy and equality. But we still need to ensure that workers’ rights are protected and that they can work as hard as they want without worrying about their future.

When do Employment Rights Start?

Employment Rights

Employment rights are national insurance for employees and employers that arise at different times depending on the country in question. In the UK, employment rights typically start from the point where an employee is engaged to work for an employer. This can be when the employee is interviewed for the job or when they are given a job offer. It is advisable to commence discussions about employment terms and conditions as soon as possible after an offer of employment has been made in order to avoid any potential misunderstandings or problems down the line.

Once employees in the United Kingdom start working, they are usually protected by employment rights. These rights come into effect two years after the employee has started work. This means that most employees begin to be protected from unfair treatment and discrimination at around the same time as they have their first job.

How do the Employment Rights Protect Employees?

Employment Rights

Employment in the UK is governed by some laws collectively known as Employment Rights. These rights protect employees from unfair dismissal, unlawful discrimination, and wrongful imposition of working hours. In addition, they protect against pay cuts, redundancy payments, and other terms and conditions of employment which are deemed unfair or detrimental. The employment act ensures occupational safety and equal rights to be treated fairly at work.

To give you a glimpse of how employment rights serve the employees in the United Kingdom, here are some of the issues that it covers:


Work discrimination is an issue that has been present in the United Kingdom for many years. There are different types of workplace discrimination, including sexual harassment, race discrimination, and religious discrimination. Work discrimination can occur when an employee is treated differently than their colleagues because of their job or because they are from a certain ethnic or religious group.

Sexual harassment, a form of work discrimination, refers to any unwanted sexual behaviour at work, whether it is physical contact, sexually suggestive comments, or sexually explicit jokes.

The employee rights act comes into the picture by providing restrictions and legislation that provide punishments for acts of work discrimination.


Whistleblowing is a protected activity under employment law in the United Kingdom. Employees have the right to disclose information they know to be accurate, which may be evidence of unlawful or unfair practices within their workplace. This includes anything from corruption and bribery to safety and health violations.

If an employee feels that their employer has wronged them, they have the right to go ahead and report this information without fear of reprisal. Employers must investigate any claims made and take appropriate corrective action if necessary. If an employee does not want to report wrongdoing but feels they need to speak up about something specific, then they can choose to speak out anonymously. Whistleblowers are often given protection from retaliation by their employers as long as the information disclosed is truthful and authorized by the individual involved.

Unfair Dismissal

Employees may feel unfairly dismissed if they are given a notice of dismissal that is not in line with the company’s policies or the law. Such termination could be considered wrongful and may result in workers’ rights being violated. Several factors can influence whether or not an employee feels they have been unfairly dismissed, including their age, length of service with the company, and performance reviews. If you believe that someone has been unfairly dismissed from their job, it is important to speak to an attorney as soon as possible.

Employees in the United Kingdom have the right to a fair dismissal. This means that an employee should not be dismissed without good reason and must be given a reasonable period of notice, typically four weeks. If an employee is dismissed without notice, they may be able to claim unfair dismissal.

Breach of contract

A breach of contract can occur when an employer or an independent contractor fails to meet its obligations under the agreements in the employment contract. Depending on the terms of the contract, a party may be entitled to damages or other relief.

If you have been made redundant from your job, your employment rights may be protected. Dismissal can be illegal if it is done for no reason other than the employee’s age, sex, race or disability. If you feel that your dismissal was unfair, you may have a claim for protection under the Employment Rights Act 1996. This law sets out specific rights and remedies that an employee may be able to take if their employer breaches their contract of employment.

If you are dismissed, you should speak to a lawyer as soon as possible. The lawyer can advise you on what steps to take next and help protect your rights.


Employment rights in the UK are varied and complex, but they are generally fair. Employees should be aware of their rights and know how to document them should they be violated. Employers should also be aware of the legal requirements and respect these.

The act helps maintain a positive working environment for employees and ensures that employers can fulfil their responsibilities.

Employees should take advantage of these rights to ensure they are treated fairly and maintain a healthy work-life balance.


What to do if you only have less than two years of service?

If you have less than two years of service with your current employer, you can do a few things to protect yourself. First, ensure you know your rights and what the company is required to do under the law. Second, start looking for other opportunities as soon as possible. Provided you have worked for your current employer for less than two years, they must give you at least four weeks’ notice before terminating your employment. Finally, make sure to keep all of your employment records – including pay stubs and disciplinary records – in case you need them to prove your case.

Can the requirement of two-year service for the protection employment rights act be negotiated?

The Employment Rights Act of the United Kingdom (Perc) is a landmark piece of legislation that protects employees from unfair dismissal, protects their right to overtime pay and maternity leave, and prohibits discrimination in the workplace.

The act covers all UK employment relationships, including temporary, contract, self-employed and freelance work. To ensure protection under ERA, employees must have worked for their employer for at least two years continuously (or part-time). This requirement can only be waived if an employee has demonstrated exceptional circumstances. For example, If an employee is dismissed for serious misconduct or for damaging company property, the two-year qualifying period will not apply. In these cases, the employee can take action straight away.

If you believe that you have suffered a violation of your employment rights, it is important to speak to a lawyer as soon as possible for legal advice and order to know the necessary remedies.

What does short service dismissal mean?

Short service dismissal, also known as summary dismissal or rolling over, is a common form of protection in the UK employment context. It means that an employee is dismissed without any notice period being given and is not entitled to any Employment Rights such as holiday pay or pension entitlements. The purpose of short service dismissal is to create a quick and easy way for an employer to rid themselves of an employee who has failed to meet their expectations. While short service dismissal can be a useful mechanism, it should only be used as a last resort. Employees should be given proper notice and the opportunity to defend their case if they are dismissed.

There are a few things employers should know about SSD.

  1. It is important to note that SSD is not always a permanent employment status. If an employee returns to good behaviour and performs at a level equal to or better than their predecessors, they may be able to get their job back.
  2. Employers have the right to fire employees for SSD without giving a reason.
  3. It’s important to keep in mind that short service dismissal is not related to any specific crime or wrongdoing.